The docker's umbrella
Up until the early years of the 20th century, and the discovery and mass production of the internal combustion engine, all transport was horse-drawn ~ except for handcarts and wheelbarrows of course!
By the mid-19th century, the traffic in and around the entrances to Liverpool’s 7½ miles of docks, and the surrounding roads, along the full length of the working riverfront, had reached such a state that terrible congestion occurred on a regular basis. Something had to be done!
And so, with typical imagination and skill, Liverpudlians created the world’s first, elevated, electric railway. This ran the full length of the Liverpool waterfront at a height of 16 feet above ground, and so was given the name ‘The Overhead Railway’. Operating from 1893 to 1956, this is a fascinating story of an engineering marvel, and of the Liverpudlian enterprise that made it happen.